ICND2 – EIGRP
Note: If you are not sure about EIGRP, please read my EIGRP tutorial.
When a router has no EIGRP feasible successor and the successor route to that destination network is in active status (the successor route is down, for example) a route recomputation occurs. A route recomputation commences with a router sending a query packet to all neighbors. Neighboring routers can either reply if they have feasible successors for the destination or optionally return a query indicating that they are performing a route recomputation. While in Active state, a router cannot change the next-hop neighbor it is using to forward packets. Once all replies are received for a given query, the destination can transition to Passive state and a new successor can be selected.
Feasible successor is a route whose Advertised Distance is less than the Feasible Distance of the current best path. A feasible successor is a backup route, which is not stored in the routing table but stored in the topology table.
From the routing table we learn that network 192.168.10.0/30 is learned via 2 equal-cost paths (192.168.10.9 &192.168.10.5) -> traffic to this network will be load-balancing.
First we must notice that all the 4 answers are parts of the “show ip eigrp topology” output. As you can see, there are 2 parameters in the form of [FD/AD] in each answer. For example answer C has [46152000/41640000], it means that the FD of that route is 46152000 while the AD is 41640000.
To become a feasible successor, a router must meet the feasibility condition:
“To qualify as a feasible successor, a router must have an AD less than the FD of the current successor route“
In four answer above, only answer B has an AD of 128256 and it is smaller than the FD of the current successor route (41152000) so it is the feasible successor -> B is correct.