Home > ICND2 – HSRP VRRP GLBP

ICND2 – HSRP VRRP GLBP

May 17th, 2015 in ICND2 200-101 Go to comments

Note: If you are not sure about HSRP and GLBP, please read our HSRP tutorial and GLBP tutorial.

Question 1

Explanation

With HSRP, two or more devices support a virtual router with a fictitious MAC address and unique IP address. There are two version of HSRP.

+ With HSRP version 1, the virtual router’s MAC address is 0000.0c07.ACxx , in which xx is the HSRP group.
+ With HSRP version 2, the virtual MAC address if 0000.0C9F.Fxxx, in which xxx is the HSRP group.

Note: Another case is HSRP for IPv6, in which the MAC address range from 0005.73A0.0000 through 0005.73A0.0FFF.

-> A is correct.

(Good resource for HSRP: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/switches/datacenter/sw/5_x/nx-os/unicast/configuration/guide/l3_hsrp.html)

Question 2

Explanation

The virtual MAC address of HSRP version 1 is 0000.0C07.ACxx, where xx is the HSRP group number in hexadecimal based on the respective interface. For example, HSRP group 10 uses the HSRP virtual MAC address of 0000.0C07.AC0A. HSRP version 2 uses a virtual MAC address of 0000.0C9F.FXXX (XXX: HSRP group in hexadecimal)

For more information about HSRP operation, please read our HSRP tutorial.

Question 3

Explanation

Object tracking is the process of tracking the state of a configured object and uses that state to determine the priority of the VRRP router in a VRRP group -> B is correct.

(Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/switches/datacenter/sw/5_x/nx-os/unicast/configuration/guide/l3_cli_nxos/l3_vrrp.html#wp1074871)

Note: Unlike HSRP which can track interface status directly, VRRP can only track interface status through a tracked object.

Question 4

Explanation

One disadvantage of HSRP and VRRP is that only one router is in use, other routers must wait for the primary to fail because they can be used. However, Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP) can use of up to four routers simultaneously. In GLBP, there is still only one virtual IP address but each router has a different virtual MAC address. First a GLBP group must elect an Active Virtual Gateway (AVG). The AVG is responsible for replying ARP requests from hosts/clients. It replies with different virtual MAC addresses that correspond to different routers (known as Active Virtual Forwarders – AVFs) so that clients can send traffic to different routers in that GLBP group (load sharing).

Question 5

Question 6

Comments (100) Comments
Comment pages
1 2 522
  1. Anonymous
    May 26th, 2014

    i’m in the shit

  2. Stephen
    May 27th, 2014

    For question 2, i thought HSRP labeled their “head” router “Active” not “Master”?

  3. Anonymous
    May 29th, 2014

    you should get free dumps and many other helping materials from [ http://adf.ly/o7ba3 ]
    Its a direct and safe download and the download speed is ultra high.
    Also the dumps is super easy to download.
    Enjoy.

  4. izzarazzu
    June 27th, 2014

    Took the exam today. Pass 986/1000. Q1 was here.

  5. naxju
    June 28th, 2014

    CCNA (ICND2) Cert Practice Exam Answers? Please share….thanks!

  6. Answer anyone
    June 28th, 2014

    For question 2, i thought HSRP labeled their “head” router “Active” not “Master”?

  7. Floyd
    July 9th, 2014

    Took the test today, Questions 2 and 6 were on the test.

  8. AK
    August 15th, 2014

    I’m taking the test tomorrow. I noticed they changed VCE version. Is the exam same as the old from last year like

  9. Anonymous
    August 17th, 2014

    how was it AK?i

  10. The One
    August 18th, 2014

    Hi, how was it AK… any tips? I’m writing next week…

  11. re
    August 20th, 2014

    I’ve been reading the Wendell Odom ICND2 book and it doesn’t seem to go into any of the detail here about the format of the virtual MAC addresses, authentication types, object tracking, any of the detail really! Unless I’m missing something…
    Glad 9tut is here but it does seem a bit of a concern?

  12. Ant
    August 20th, 2014

    Tested today, 8/20. #1 was on there.

  13. ICND-2
    August 23rd, 2014

    Took the test yesterday and passed.
    #1 was on the test.

  14. Anonymous
    August 25th, 2014

    I agree “re”
    The “official book” doesn’t talk about much of this.

  15. anon
    September 3rd, 2014

    I agree too.. try to read the cisco technical pages and use CBT nugs.

  16. anon
    September 3rd, 2014

    nothing for VRRP either in the book….

  17. Muddathir
    September 5th, 2014

    Very well explained answers 9tut!

  18. @John
    September 23rd, 2014

    Q2 is wrong the HSRP main router is “Active” not “Master”.
    The right answer is {BEF}.
    Kindly correct 🙂
    Thanks

  19. Georges
    September 27th, 2014

    took the exam today and pass with 907. Question 1 was on there, the others werent. location United States Florida.

    Thanks 9tut

  20. Anonymous
    September 27th, 2014

    John,

    You are correct that the official name for the router with the virtual ip address and mac is called the Active, not the Master (VRRP nomenclature), however E is incorrect because HSRP does not allow the virutal IP address to be the same as the interfaces physical address. Doing so would produce the following error:

    Router(config-if)#standby 1 ip 192.168.1.1
    Router(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
    % 192.168.1.1 is assigned to another application on FastEthernet0/0

  21. N8
    September 30th, 2014

    Took ICND2 today 986/100. 1 was on there. Thanks 9TUT

  22. Nemo
    October 4th, 2014

    Took test on Oct1 got a 980/1000 question 6 was on there. So was 4 and 1. Thank you 9 tut

  23. CoolBlaze
    November 1st, 2014

    passed today with 973 score, Q2 is on my exam.

  24. Anonymous
    November 10th, 2014

    Thank you 9tut.
    I had question 2 & 3 from this page.

  25. burnt toast
    November 10th, 2014

    I read chapt 6 twice…..some of these questions are not addressed in the Official Cert Guide

  26. Bamboozled
    December 13th, 2014

    Im concerned too .. I was scheduled to sit exam on 15th Dec…Thought i’d come here for some questions to practice and Wow! Its alien to me ..Object Tracking? Specific Mac Addresses for Different versions of HSRP, Authentication for Groups.I’ve been studying Wendell ODOM and none of those details were there..I’ve rescheduled exam now for Late Jan15 instead…

  27. Unbelievable…
    December 17th, 2014

    How is half of this information not even in the Cisco Press Book!?!? Ridiculous….

  28. Leaner Ra
    December 19th, 2014

    Hello,
    As Re has posted I am reading the official cert Guide by Wendel Odom and this does NOT explain HSRP, GLBP in detail apart from giving us a general idea of how it works. No mention about V Mac format, authentication, Object tracker etc.

    It does NOT have a section for VRRP, as the book says VRRP is similar to HSRP. So I am bit worried now, I can defo follow 9tut, but I would like to know if there is any other official User Guide that I need to follow.

    Thanks

  29. Jp
    December 21st, 2014

    Q4 on my exam today

  30. Learn to use the net
    January 19th, 2015

    For those that are complaining that some of these FHRP topics aren’t covered in the Cisco Press Wendell Odem book, you’re right AND wrong.

    The current printed version of the book does not cover these topics in depth. (As well as RSTP). You need to go to the Cisco Press website and DOWNLOAD the UPDATES for the book. There’s a PDF file with about 10 more pages of content which include FHRP topics and RSTP in more depth.

  31. M
    January 30th, 2015

    Stephen May 27th, 2014 :
    “For question 2, i thought HSRP labeled their “head” router “Active” not “Master”?”

    Kudos to you mofo…that’s the REAL stuff right there.

    Cisco Cert exams WILL GRIND You on very very specific perticulars like “active” or “master”….they’ll often put Two answers that are otherwise the same…and ask you a or b …which one is the RIGHT “statement”

    I still miss questions like that in practice exams and have found the trick is you get done faster if you TAKE THE TEST SLOWER….read…re-read…..ask yourself…what are they testing me on here…the answer to the concept or a question about HOW to get it…or just MINDLESS REPEAT a passage from a specific book that I read 5 months ago.

  32. Lisa
    January 30th, 2015

    Passed today 947 1hr ago :). # 1 was there

  33. CCNA soon to be
    January 30th, 2015

    Yup. Wendell ODOM book did not cover RSTP aside from the 3 new port states. IIRC it didn’t even mention about backup and alternate port role.
    It didn’t cover object tracking with interface/route/icmp echo nor the different favorites of the V.Mac addr between HSRP v1/v2 and ipv6. Heck it didn’t even cover the component and options of IPsec e.g. AH/ESP/different versions of DH, RSA etc which are on one of the drag and drop.
    WTF?
    Very frustrating. I didn’t learn all those until I d/l Jeremy’s CBTnugget video thru BT.

  34. CCNA soon to be
    January 30th, 2015

    Stephen You are right. I wouldn’t have picked A until I ran out of options. Big difference between “Active/Standby” vs “Master/Slave”. It’s the difference between using HSRP or VRRP!

  35. CCNA soon to be
    January 30th, 2015

    VRRP and HSRP are very similar – until you get to the configuration part.

    HSRP basically only tracks interfaces status for changing router standby priority while VRRP tracks availability of ip routes, interfaces, as well as ip sla to change priority and then master/slave state.

  36. STEPHENR
    February 2nd, 2015

    Q2 .letter F is wrong – HSRP supports up to 255 groups per interface, enabling an administrative form of load balancing.

    Yes HSRP supports up to 255 groups but load balancing???

    I thought GLBP is the only one who can support load balancing?

  37. Morgan
    February 2nd, 2015

    hi Associates,is there any time limit after one has passed the ICDN1 exam?how long does cisco allow for the person to take ICDN2?

    Thanking You

  38. Techgique
    February 4th, 2015

    @STEPHENR You can still do load balancing on HSRP using router on a stick where two VLANS are both headed to each router but one VLAN “prefers” one router while the other VLAN “prefers” the other router (through configuration). In this sense, you are using both routers to handle the load from one subnet but still have HSRP configured in the event that one router fails, the other router, which is already configured to trunk both VLANs will notice that the failed router is no longer sending HSRP hello messages and accept traffic from the other VLAN. It’s a bit wonky, but it is a form of load balancing that still offers redundancy.

  39. Techgique
    February 4th, 2015

    @ Morgan, your CCENT is good for three years. If you login to your certification page on Cisco, it will give you exact dates.

  40. Techgique
    February 4th, 2015

    Is Q4 bothering anyone else? It reads as though there is a diagram that we should be looking at. What four routers? Why are we supposed to assume there are four in action? I would have chosen “B” as the correct answer because I was under the impression that GLBP starts with one router then switches back and forth between routers as it receives ARP requests. (Wendell Odom book, Page 194 “To Balance the load, the AVG answers each new ARP Request with the MAC addresses of alternating routers.” Am I reading this wrong? 9tut?

  41. Techgique
    February 4th, 2015

    Answered my own question through more careful reading!

    For Q4 if anyone is interested, Answer B states “ALL GLBP member routers…” There is the trickery because only the AVG (Active Virtual Gateway) of four routers maximum will be participating in round robin, the rest are put into SVG (Standby Virtual Gateway), so A is correct, though the wording is grating, being that GLBP can operate with 3 routers, where it would then be choosing from one of three possible virtual MAC addresses. Que Sera Sera.

  42. Arjun
    February 16th, 2015

    Got 923 in ICND1 and 973 in ICND2.
    9tut has been really helpful.
    It’s legit.
    Most of the questions were from here.

  43. Soiree
    February 23rd, 2015

    Hi Everyone
    Passed the INCD1 2 days ago. Is that possible to register for the INCD2 examination in one month or two? Thanks,

  44. Seema
    February 24th, 2015

    Passed ICND1 with 943 …yuppiii
    Most of the questions from 9tut and two sims ospf neighbors and Security SIMS. Security SIM questions were really confusing. Do focus on Privilege user value and password.
    e.g username ciscouser privilege 0 cisco

    So ICND2 here i come…

  45. Mark
    February 25th, 2015

    What security sims do you mean ???

  46. Nic
    March 3rd, 2015

    Hi Guys, who will be able to help me with braindumps? everywhere I search on the internet, I have to pay and if you from South Africa, and you must multiply the amount that is in $ by 14 , it comes to a enormous amount 🙂 . Please it would be appreciated if someone can mail me a few. Thank you in advance. nallers@grintek.com

  47. Seema
    March 5th, 2015

    Security Testlet in ICND 1 section

  48. BAMS
    March 5th, 2015

    I had the exam today, Questions 4 & 5 were there

  49. David
    March 12th, 2015

    What is the correct answer for Q2 please?

  50. Unnamed
    March 14th, 2015

    Q2 is right guys, its A B F
    If you guys do it in actual and look at the active device, you’ll find/read the device labeled as master.

  51. Unnamed
    March 14th, 2015

    My mistake guys, it was on VRRP labeled as master. 🙂
    anyways, even though is is not being labeled as master on HSRP, when you say active device/router it is considered as master.

  52. Cw
    March 14th, 2015

    cw March 13th, 2015
    Just took ICND 2 and passed. Questions are all still valid. Some are the same and some just have numbers and names different. know show run, show frame-relay map, and show ip pro eigrp. Also know how to summarize 4 networks. Good luck

  53. Dan
    March 16th, 2015

    Just passed with a 960 3/16/2015. Questions from Deborah and Nada are still valid as well as 9tuts. Just like CW said learn show commands.

  54. S
    March 21st, 2015

    Passed today q2 was there

  55. Dabconcept01
    April 22nd, 2015

    These question are just shit………..SMH

  56. Shafiq
    April 29th, 2015

    Passed today, Q1 was there.

  57. Marco
    May 13th, 2015

    I got Q2 today with 1 or 2 differents answers than the ones shown here.
    Thanks 9tut.

  58. anon
    May 27th, 2015

    Question 5 answer B: GLBP supports clear text and MD5 password authentication between GLBP group members. So does HSRP? Why an advantage then?

  59. Suisse
    May 27th, 2015

    PAssed using this,,,,,
    GET LATEST VCE and PDF Format Dumps here. kindly contribute
    100% Valid passing material,

    http://goo.gl/VYwp7H

  60. JerryG
    May 28th, 2015

    Passed today; question 6 was the only one from this section.

  61. John
    June 5th, 2015

    Taking the test at noon today. Thankyou 9tut!

  62. John
    June 5th, 2015

    Thankyou 9tut !! Passed with a 960

  63. Fara
    June 10th, 2015

    Could someone send me icnd2 dumps. thanks
    kuul005@live.com

  64. TestTaker
    June 12th, 2015

    Question 2 is bothering me. “HSRP supports up to 255 groups per interface.” This is not true. It can support 16 groups ON 16 interface for 256 total. It’s the best answer of the rest. OCG says 16. Weird.

  65. anon
    June 18th, 2015

    @unnamed march 14th

    here is a config from Active router in HSRP grp 1
    FastEthernet0/0 – Group 1
    State is Active
    2 State changes last change is 00:00:34
    Virtual IP address is 10.10.10.5
    Active virtual MAC address is 0000.0c07.ac01
    Local virtual MAC address is 0000.0c07.ac01 (v1 default)
    Hello time 3 sec, hold time 10 sec
    Next hello sent in 0.752 secs
    Preemption disabled
    Active router is local
    Standby router is 10.10.10.2, priority 100 (expires in 11.168 sec)
    Priority 100 (default 100)
    Group name is “hsrp-f0/0-1” (default)

    I don’t see the word master. Which command do i use to see it?

  66. Brynn
    June 21st, 2015

    Hello, please send latest dump for INCD2. bellemadam09@outlook.com

  67. Anonymous
    June 26th, 2015

    guys download free dumps with nuggets from this following link
    wurl. cc/dumps

  68. Annie Normous
    July 1st, 2015

    Just took the test today – 980/1000 Questions 3,4 and 5 were from this page. Thanks 9tuts!

  69. bob
    July 1st, 2015

    Great Annie

  70. mike
    July 7th, 2015

    I took the exam 895/1000. Thanks 9tuts,
    Most of the question are here

  71. Anonymous
    July 7th, 2015

    I pass exam today, 920/100 but on my courses i dont have any lessons about load balancing and on exam i have questions about load balancing O.o can any one explain me this s$@t ?

    Any way, thx a lot 9tut ^^

  72. 9tut
    July 13th, 2015

    @all: We had to move all the questions and answers out of 9tut. We can only keep the explanation. You can download the questions and answers at: https://mega.co.nz/#!oIdESYbD!yyu33vygrfKPy4rcmcbV6qW2fxINNoTokuDM3CjA_og

  73. @9tut
    July 15th, 2015

    Thank you.

  74. Anontam
    July 15th, 2015

    hi 9tut, will the tests be removed from prem members as well?

  75. 9tut
    July 15th, 2015

    @Anontam: In the future we will remove them too.

  76. gogo
    July 22nd, 2015

    why is this so? this is nt fair this website was fine wth question n answers n so how will will undastand this thngs wthout questions

  77. Anonymous
    July 22nd, 2015

    @9tut i used this website to pass Icnd1 it was fair n clear
    But wat i see now is confusing
    Wher are the questions
    Note dat the website u redirected us too also dnt have questions
    Plz respond

  78. Kevin
    July 22nd, 2015

    What happen to the site. I was using it july 17 for the ICDN 2questions all was good. I cant log in looks like something happened could 9tut give some idea.

    Thanks

  79. Busted
    July 24th, 2015

    They got busted!

  80. BoltThrower
    July 26th, 2015

    @9tut
    so when you will remove the tests even for premium members…what kind of value will the site have ???

  81. 9tut
    July 27th, 2015

    @BoltThrower: We will offer other services instead.

  82. BSOD
    July 29th, 2015

    @9tut
    Since you now have to download the questions, are you still going to keep them updated?

  83. blahx
    August 7th, 2015

    Where are the actual questions? this format makes no sense.

  84. john s
    August 8th, 2015

    where did all the questions go and the answers?

  85. john s
    August 8th, 2015

    What happened to the questions and answers.

  86. Abdul
    August 10th, 2015

    are the questions still relevant?

  87. me2
    August 15th, 2015

    Hey anyone know why I can’t see the questions? Only the explanations 🙁

  88. Train
    August 16th, 2015

    Because of copyrighted issues, 9tut had to remove all questions and answers. You can download this file to read them: http://www.mediafire.com/view/686kvdms48m67k7/ICND1_2_Questions_July_2015.pdf

  89. CSCO
    August 20th, 2015

    Hi all,
    I wan to say great THANK to this web site and all others members.Great THANK to 9TUT and Train for yours shared files. I take my ICND2 this morning with 947/1000.

  90. zopar
    August 20th, 2015

    THERE IS A PROBLEM WITH WEBSITE CAN’T SEE QUESTIONS

  91. Redundancy
    August 21st, 2015

    Why can’t we see the questions?

  92. Questions
    August 24th, 2015

    I cant see the questions..

  93. anon
    August 26th, 2015

    number three was there

  94. anon
    August 28th, 2015

    Had Q3 but the answers were not as described above. Had to do with bandwidth. Failed with a 800

  95. MTerrell
    September 2nd, 2015

    Is this site no longer being maintained? If so, would someone please say something…

  96. shep1sean
    September 2nd, 2015

    whats up with the questions on this website?

  97. 9tut
    September 3rd, 2015

    @MTerrell: We are still monitoring this site.
    @shep1sean: We had to move all the questions and answers out of 9tut because of copyrighted issues. We can only keep the explanation. You can download the questions and answers at: http://www.mediafire.com/view/686kvdms48m67k7/ICND1_2_Questions_July_2015.pdf

Comment pages
1 2 522